The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is the cornerstone U.S. anti-poverty program, typically
lifting over 5 million children out of poverty each year. Targeted to low-income households
with children, and only available to those who work, the EITC contains strong incentives for
non- workers to become employed. Most of the existing economics literature focuses on
federal EITC expansions in the 1980s and 1990s. Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach and Michael Strain discuss a longer view, studying all federal expansions since the program’s inception in 1975.
Photos Courtesy of Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach and Michael Strain