Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the western world and affects nearly 200 million people globally. Local inflammation driven by complement system dysregulation is currently a therapeutic target. Bruch’s membrane (BrM) is a sheet of extracellular matrix that separates the retina from the underlying choroid, a highly vascularized layer that supplies oxygen and nutrition to the outer retina. Here we show that most complement proteins are unable to diffuse through BrM, although FHL-1, factor D and C5a can. AMD-associated lipid deposition in BrM decreases FHL-1 diffusion.