Higher education (HE) participation has expanded dramatically in England over the last half century. Yet although participation has been rising, ‘widening participation’ in HE remains a major policy issue. Professor Anna Vignoles is Professor of Education at the University of Cambridge. She has published widely on widening participation in higher education, social mobility, the impact of school resources on pupil achievement and on the socio-economic gap in pupil achievement. Her research interests include issues pertaining to equity in education, school choice, school efficiency and finance and the economic value of schooling.