Framing Positive Obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights Law: Mediating between the Abstract and the Concrete

The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) includes different levels of concreteness for positive obligations.
The chosen level of concreteness impacts the assessment of State breaches and the reasoning process.
Positive responsibilities and abstract-concrete reasoning are shown in the Kurt v Austria case. A more explicit formulation of the commitment may collide with States’ discretion in fulfilling their obligations.

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